The best part of the Hermitage for us, as art lovers, was the superb collection of 19th and early 20th Century French art on the 3rd floor of the Winter Palace. We went straight there our first day and went back again another day. Two wealthy Russian art collectors, S.I. Shchukin and I.A. Morozov, privately owned this trove of Impressionist, Post-Impressionist and Modernist paintings when the Communists came to power in 1917. They were forced to flee Russia and the art in their Moscow estates was “nationalized”. Eventually this art was divided between the Hermitage State Museum and the Pushkin State Museum of Arts and put on public display. Wherever possible the captions indicate from which collection the art came.


The Hermitage

Art of the 19th and early 20th Centuries